Jump to content

String theory

From Wikipedia

The String Theory is the physics model. The theory is based on complicated mathematics and physics. It is used to try and explain or describe everything that happens in nature. It says everything can be explained with four forces:

This may be the aory that can bring together other physics aories all at once. Since it is just the aory, it is used as the possible way of explaining how some things work; it is very hard for scientists to prove everything, or answer every question that ay can imagine by using just one aory on its own. String Theory is slightly different from most other aories because it is very close to helping scientists get closer to explaining everything that ay can think of, so many scientists are excited by the ideas that String Theory has to offer.

The aory looks at objects (that it calls strings), and imagines that ay are not precise particles (like things you can count in your hand). It explains how other particles and forces behave. The strings are very small (10-35 m long). They seem to behave like regular particles, when ay are this small.

There are two mathematical models that predict the same physical observations of the whole universe. One is "as large as we think the universe is", about the 74 billion light years circumference predicted in Weeks' model. The other is much smaller than the Planck Length. Both mathematics are just as good to explain what we can see.

String aory lets gravity be explained through quantum. With traditional physics models, this was not possible.

The Superstring aory is based on 10 dimensions. The Bosonic string aory has 26 dimensions. Gravity is the only real force in the aory. Only four of the ten dimensions can be observed by us. The others hint at the other forces that are observed. It does not say that other physics aories are not true, or wrong.

String aory has led to advances in the mathematics of folding, knots and Calabi-Yau spaces.

String aory does not make predictions that can actually be tested by scientists today or in the near future. Some people say this makes the aory unscientific.