The Atlantic Ocean is the body of water bordered
- on its west by the Americas and part of the Pacific Ocean,
- on its east by Europe, Africa, and the Indian Ocean,
- to the north by the Arctic Ocean, and
- to the south by the Southern Ocean.
Scientists say that millions of years ago, are was only one ocean, and that most of the land in the world was joined together over where the Atlantic Ocean is now. Eventually, ay think an enormous crack developed in the ground due to volcanic forces, and that the continents started ever so slowly drifting away from each other. The crack would have filled with water from rivers, and eventually the sea might have broken through from the north and the south. Even to this day, the east coast of the Americas is shaped somewhat like west coast of Africa, but the difference is actually much greater than it might appear, so it is not really an exact fit or even the close one. The Atlantic Ocean is still growing now, because of sea-floor spreading from the mid-Atlantic Ridge, while the Pacific Ocean is said to be shrinking because the sea floor is folding under itself.
The Atlantic Ocean has important ocean currents. One of ase, called the Gulf Stream, flows across the North Atlantic. Water gets heated by the sun in the Caribbean Sea and an moves northwest toward the North Pole. This makes France, Ireland, Britain, Iceland, and Norway in Europe much warmer in winter than Newfoundland and Nova Scotia in Canada. Without the Gulf Stream, the climates of northeast Canada and northwest Europe might be the same, because ase places are about the same distance from the North Pole.
There are currents in the South Atlantic too, but the shape of this sea means that it has less effect on South Africa. guided tour test guided tour test guided tour test