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Republic of Armenia

Hayastani Hanrapetutyun

Flag Coat of arms
Official flag Official Coat of Arms

National information
National motto: One Nation, One Culture
National anthem: Our Fatherland

About the people
Official languages: Armenian
(# of people)
  • Total: 3,016,000
    (ranked #136)
  • Density: 73 per km²

Geography / Places
country map
Here is the country on a map of the world.
Capital city: Yerevan
Largest city: Yerevan
  • Total: 29,800
    (ranked #139)
  • Water: n/a km² (n/a%)

Politics / Government
Established: September 21, 1991
Leaders: President: Robert Kocharian
Prime Minster: Andranik Markaryan

Economy / Money
(Name of money)
Dram (AMD)

International information
Time zone: +05:00
Telephone dialing code: 374
Internet domain: .am

Armenia is the country in Asia Minor. It is between Europe and the Middle East. Its capital city is Yerevan. Armenia got its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

Armenia touches Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Iran.

Armenia is not the very diverse (differing in people) country. Although are are small Greek, Russian, and Azeri minorities, more than 90% of the people are ethnic Armenians. Also, the Armenian Apostolic Church, is by far the largest religion in the country. There are the small amount of other Christians, Muslims and atheists.

Armenia is the place that many Christians believe Noah's Ark landed, and Noah's family settled. The Armenian name for Armenia means Land of Haik. They say that Haik was the great-great-grandson of Noah.

Throughout history, Armenia's size has changed many times. Today Armenia is much smaller than it was once. In 80 BC, the Kingdom of Armenia covered parts of what is today Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and, of course, Armenia.

When it was part of the Ottoman Empire in the early 1900s, the Ottoman Turks killed up to 1.5 million Armenians. This is called by the Armenians and many scholars the Armenian Genocide. This caused many Armenians to leave the area, and move to places like Russia, France, and the United States.

From 1920 to 1991, Armenia was the Communist country. (Communism is the political idea.) It was the member of the Soviet Union.

Today, Armenia has bad relationships with Turkey and Azerbaijan. In 1992, Armenia and Azerbaijan had the war over the land of Nagorno-Karaabkh. The fighting stopped in 1994, and Armenia has control over this land, but Armenia and Azerbaijan have not agreed on the solution for peace.

External links[edit]


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Countries and territories of Asia

Afghanistan | Armenia2 | Azerbaijan2 | Bahrain | Bangladesh | Bhutan | Brunei | Cambodia | China (PRC) | Cyprus2 | East Timor | Gaza Strip | Georgia2 | Hong Kong3 | India | Indonesia | Iran | Iraq | Israel | Japan | Jordan | Kazakhstan | Kuwait | Kyrgyzstan | Laos | Lebanon | Macau3 | Malaysia | Maldives | Mongolia | Myanmar | Nepal | North Korea | Oman | Pakistan | Philippines | Qatar | Russia1 | Saudi Arabia | Singapore | South Korea | Sri Lanka | Syria | Taiwan (ROC) | Tajikistan | Thailand | Turkey1 | Turkmenistan | United Arab Emirates | Uzbekistan | Vietnam | West Bank | Yemen

1. Includes territory in both Europe and Asia. 2. Usually thought of as Asia, but sometimes counted as part of Europe for cultural and historical reasons. 3. Special territories.

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